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Re: [PATCH 0/4] MIB: add struct net to UDP accounting macros [message #31696] Mon, 07 July 2008 10:19 Go to next message
Daniel Lezcano is currently offline  Daniel Lezcano
Messages: 417
Registered: June 2006
Senior Member
From: openvz.org
Pavel Emelyanov wrote:
> David Miller wrote:
>> From: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@openvz.org>
>> Date: Fri, 04 Jul 2008 15:58:44 +0400
>>
>>> This is the first small set of MIB statistics netnsization. The easiest
>>> case is UDP stats, so I started with this one. If this set is accepted,
>>> I will go on step-by-step with adding struct net to all the other stats' 
>>> accounting macros, then SNMP_XXX ones and finish with a set than will put 
>>> the stats on the struct net and fix appropriate proc files.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@openvz.org>
>>> Acked-by: Denis V. Lunev <den@openvz.org>
>> Applied, thanks Pavel.
>>
>> Are we going to provide some way for an administrator to fetch
>> stats from the perspective of all namespaces?  I know the idea
>> is seperation with this stuff, but admins are going to want
>> something like that.
> 
> Well, if we want to get the stats for each namespace separately, then
> this ability is already present. Since this statistics is shown via the
> /proc/net files and the /proc/net itself is seen via the /proc/<pid>/net,
> then we can walk the init-s of all the containers in the system and dump
> this info.
> 
> The problem that is to be solved with this approach is how to get these
> init-s :) But since finding any namespace by some task living in it is a
> common practice now (netdev moving, sys_hijack) this one will be solved.
> 
> BTW, are there some plans about implementing some netlink-based fetcher
> of this statistics? If so, then I think it's worth making this engine
> namespaces aware from the very beginning.


Shouldn't be interesting to handle the network namespaces directly with 
the iproute command ?

  * ip netns add <name>
  * ip netns del <name>
  * ip netns <oldname> set name <newname>
  * ip netns show

When a network namespace is created via clone|unshare, the name is 
automatically the pid of the creator.

In order to track the namespace, we can add an entry in /proc/net (aka 
/proc/<pid>/net) named "name" which contains the name of the namespace.
I heard Eric is thinking about a netnsfs.

 From a larger perspective, the iproute command with a new "netns" 
subcommand can be enhanced to have more features, for example the freeze 
and resume for the network.

  * ip netns set down <name>
  * ip netns set up <name>

So having the netns binded, we can plug the known subcommand (link, ip, 
...) with the netns features. For examples:

  * ip addr add 1.2.3.4/24 dev eth0 netns foo






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Global namespace naming, and monitoring. [message #31704 is a reply to message #31696] Mon, 07 July 2008 11:54 Go to previous message
ebiederm is currently offline  ebiederm
Messages: 1354
Registered: February 2006
Senior Member
From: openvz.org
Daniel Lezcano <dlezcano@fr.ibm.com> writes:

>> Well, if we want to get the stats for each namespace separately, then
>> this ability is already present. Since this statistics is shown via the
>> /proc/net files and the /proc/net itself is seen via the /proc/<pid>/net,
>> then we can walk the init-s of all the containers in the system and dump
>> this info.
>>
>> The problem that is to be solved with this approach is how to get these
>> init-s :) But since finding any namespace by some task living in it is a
>> common practice now (netdev moving, sys_hijack) this one will be solved.

Yes.  Finding the which the a single process in each namespace to look
at (the init-s) is something we have yet to refine.

The model for multiple namespace monitoring is definitely having
filesystems mounted that we can look at to get all of the information
we care about.  /proc does a lot of this today, and with some cleanups
it should be able to display per namespace sysctls and a few other
goodies. 

...

There is one class of user that we have yet to find a good solution for.
The people who want to use isolated network stacks within a single application.
Usually because there are duplicate routes between the stacks.  In that case
indirect through processes falls down, as does being able to create a socket in
one namespace.

My latest brainstorm comes from asking how the problem would have been
solved in plan9.  The idea is to create a filesystem we can mount that
holds a reference to a netns (netnsfs).  Using a mounted filesystem
like that is a bit heavy weight, but just referring to it's the root
directory is enough to give us a name in the mount namespace.  The
auto unmount and consequent release of the network namespace when the
mount namespace goes away is attractive.

> Shouldn't be interesting to handle the network namespaces directly with the
> iproute command ?
> 
>  * ip netns add <name>
>  * ip netns del <name>
>  * ip netns <oldname> set name <newname>
>  * ip netns show

Ugh.  You have to be really careful with proposal like this to ensure that
they wind up in some namespace.  Otherwise you have created a new global
namespace, and have made nesting of containers much harder to implement.

> So having the netns binded, we can plug the known subcommand (link, ip, ...)
> with the netns features. For examples:
>
>  * ip addr add 1.2.3.4/24 dev eth0 netns foo

The only thing limiting that today is that we need someway to get a netlink
socket on the namespace in question.  Get me in a perverse mood and I will
grab the netlink socket from one of the init-s with ptrace.

Eric

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