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Re: Attaching PID 0 to a cgroup [message #31473] Tue, 01 July 2008 09:47 Go to next message
Dhaval Giani is currently offline  Dhaval Giani
Messages: 37
Registered: June 2007
Member
From: openvz.org
[put in the wrong alias for containers list correcting it.]

On Tue, Jul 01, 2008 at 03:15:45PM +0530, Dhaval Giani wrote:
> Hi Paul,
> 
> Attaching PID 0 to a cgroup caused the current task to be attached to
> the cgroup. Looking at the code,
> 
>         if (pid) {
>                 rcu_read_lock();
>                 tsk = find_task_by_vpid(pid);
>                 if (!tsk || tsk->flags & PF_EXITING) {
>                         rcu_read_unlock();
>                         return -ESRCH;
>                 }
>                 get_task_struct(tsk);
>                 rcu_read_unlock();
> 
>                 if ((current->euid) && (current->euid != tsk->uid)
>                     && (current->euid != tsk->suid)) {
>                         put_task_struct(tsk);
>                         return -EACCES;
>                 }
>         } else {
>                 tsk = current;
>                 get_task_struct(tsk);
>         }
> 
> I was wondering, why this was done. It seems to be unexpected behavior.
> Wouldn't something like the following be a better response? (I've used
> EINVAL, but I can change it to ESRCH if that is better.)
> 
> ---
> cgroups: Don't allow PID 0 to be attached to a group
> 
> Currently when one trys to attach PID 0 to a cgroup, it attaches
> the current task. That is not expected behavior. It should return
> an error instead.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Dhaval Giani <dhaval@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> 
> Index: linux-2.6/kernel/cgroup.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/kernel/cgroup.c
> +++ linux-2.6/kernel/cgroup.c
> @@ -1309,8 +1309,7 @@ static int attach_task_by_pid(struct cgr
>  			return -EACCES;
>  		}
>  	} else {
> -		tsk = current;
> -		get_task_struct(tsk);
> +			return -EINVAL;
>  	}
>  
>  	ret = cgroup_attach_task(cgrp, tsk);
> -- 
> regards,
> Dhaval

-- 
regards,
Dhaval
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Re: Attaching PID 0 to a cgroup [message #31474 is a reply to message #31473] Tue, 01 July 2008 10:28 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Li Zefan is currently offline  Li Zefan
Messages: 90
Registered: February 2008
Member
From: openvz.org
CC: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com>

Dhaval Giani wrote:
> [put in the wrong alias for containers list correcting it.]
> 
> On Tue, Jul 01, 2008 at 03:15:45PM +0530, Dhaval Giani wrote:
>> Hi Paul,
>>
>> Attaching PID 0 to a cgroup caused the current task to be attached to
>> the cgroup. Looking at the code,
>>

[...]

>>
>> I was wondering, why this was done. It seems to be unexpected behavior.
>> Wouldn't something like the following be a better response? (I've used
>> EINVAL, but I can change it to ESRCH if that is better.)
>>

Why is it unexpected? it follows the behavior of cpuset, so this patch will
break backward compatibility of cpuset.

But it's better to document this.

-----------------------------------------

Document the following cgroup usage:
 # echo 0 > /dev/cgroup/tasks

Signed-off-by: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com>
---
 cgroups.txt |    4 ++++
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/cgroups.txt b/Documentation/cgroups.txt
index 824fc02..213f533 100644
--- a/Documentation/cgroups.txt
+++ b/Documentation/cgroups.txt
@@ -390,6 +390,10 @@ If you have several tasks to attach, you have to do it one after another:
 	...
 # /bin/echo PIDn > tasks
 
+You can attach the current task by echoing 0:
+
+# /bin/echo 0 > tasks
+
 3. Kernel API
 =============
 


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Re: Attaching PID 0 to a cgroup [message #31477 is a reply to message #31474] Tue, 01 July 2008 10:51 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Dhaval Giani is currently offline  Dhaval Giani
Messages: 37
Registered: June 2007
Member
From: openvz.org
On Tue, Jul 01, 2008 at 06:28:07PM +0800, Li Zefan wrote:
> CC: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com>
> 
> Dhaval Giani wrote:
> > [put in the wrong alias for containers list correcting it.]
> > 
> > On Tue, Jul 01, 2008 at 03:15:45PM +0530, Dhaval Giani wrote:
> >> Hi Paul,
> >>
> >> Attaching PID 0 to a cgroup caused the current task to be attached to
> >> the cgroup. Looking at the code,
> >>
> 
> [...]
> 
> >>
> >> I was wondering, why this was done. It seems to be unexpected behavior.
> >> Wouldn't something like the following be a better response? (I've used
> >> EINVAL, but I can change it to ESRCH if that is better.)
> >>
> 
> Why is it unexpected? it follows the behavior of cpuset, so this patch will
> break backward compatibility of cpuset.

Ah, I was not aware of that. Thanks!

> 
> But it's better to document this.
> 

Yes please.

> -----------------------------------------
> 
> Document the following cgroup usage:
>  # echo 0 > /dev/cgroup/tasks
> 
> Signed-off-by: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com>

Acked-by: Dhaval Giani <dhaval@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

> ---
>  cgroups.txt |    4 ++++
>  1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/cgroups.txt b/Documentation/cgroups.txt
> index 824fc02..213f533 100644
> --- a/Documentation/cgroups.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/cgroups.txt
> @@ -390,6 +390,10 @@ If you have several tasks to attach, you have to do it one after another:
>  	...
>  # /bin/echo PIDn > tasks
> 
> +You can attach the current task by echoing 0:
> +
> +# /bin/echo 0 > tasks
> +
>  3. Kernel API
>  =============
> 
> 

-- 
regards,
Dhaval
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Re: Attaching PID 0 to a cgroup [message #31489 is a reply to message #31474] Tue, 01 July 2008 18:54 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Paul Jackson is currently offline  Paul Jackson
Messages: 157
Registered: February 2006
Senior Member
From: openvz.org
> But it's better to document this.

Good idea.

Acked-by: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com>

You (Li Zefan) might want to resend this as a patch, in case Andrew
doesn't happen to see this embedded here.

Something like the following:

  Subject: [PATCH] cgroup: document zero pid means current task

  From: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com>

  Document that a pid of zero(0) can be used to refer to the
  current task when attaching a task to a cgroup, as in the
  following usage:
  
    # echo 0 > /dev/cgroup/tasks

  This is consistent with existing cpuset behavior.

  Signed-off-by: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com>
  Acked-by: Dhaval Giani <dhaval@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
  Acked-by: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com>

  ---
   cgroups.txt |    4 ++++
   1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)

  diff --git a/Documentation/cgroups.txt b/Documentation/cgroups.txt
  index 824fc02..213f533 100644
  --- a/Documentation/cgroups.txt
  +++ b/Documentation/cgroups.txt
  @@ -390,6 +390,10 @@ If you have several tasks to attach, you have to do it one after another:
 	  ...
   # /bin/echo PIDn > tasks

  +You can attach the current task by echoing 0:
  +
  +# /bin/echo 0 > tasks
  +
   3. Kernel API
   =============


-- 
                  I won't rest till it's the best ...
                  Programmer, Linux Scalability
                  Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com> 1.940.382.4214
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Re: Attaching PID 0 to a cgroup [message #31490 is a reply to message #31474] Tue, 01 July 2008 19:01 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Paul Menage is currently offline  Paul Menage
Messages: 642
Registered: September 2006
Senior Member
From: openvz.org
On Tue, Jul 1, 2008 at 3:28 AM, Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com> wrote:
>
> Why is it unexpected? it follows the behavior of cpuset, so this patch will
> break backward compatibility of cpuset.

Agreed. I think we want to keep this behaviour.

Paul
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Re: Attaching PID 0 to a cgroup [message #31492 is a reply to message #31474] Tue, 01 July 2008 21:48 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Andrea Righi is currently offline  Andrea Righi
Messages: 65
Registered: May 2008
Member
From: openvz.org
Li Zefan wrote:
> CC: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com>
> 
> Dhaval Giani wrote:
>> [put in the wrong alias for containers list correcting it.]
>>
>> On Tue, Jul 01, 2008 at 03:15:45PM +0530, Dhaval Giani wrote:
>>> Hi Paul,
>>>
>>> Attaching PID 0 to a cgroup caused the current task to be attached to
>>> the cgroup. Looking at the code,
>>>
> 
> [...]
> 
>>> I was wondering, why this was done. It seems to be unexpected behavior.
>>> Wouldn't something like the following be a better response? (I've used
>>> EINVAL, but I can change it to ESRCH if that is better.)
>>>
> 
> Why is it unexpected? it follows the behavior of cpuset, so this patch will
> break backward compatibility of cpuset.
> 
> But it's better to document this.
> 
> -----------------------------------------
> 
> Document the following cgroup usage:
>  # echo 0 > /dev/cgroup/tasks
> 
> Signed-off-by: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com>
> ---
>  cgroups.txt |    4 ++++
>  1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/cgroups.txt b/Documentation/cgroups.txt
> index 824fc02..213f533 100644
> --- a/Documentation/cgroups.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/cgroups.txt
> @@ -390,6 +390,10 @@ If you have several tasks to attach, you have to do it one after another:
>  	...
>  # /bin/echo PIDn > tasks
>  
> +You can attach the current task by echoing 0:
> +
> +# /bin/echo 0 > tasks
> +
>  3. Kernel API
>  =============

Wouldn't be more meaningful to specify the bash's builtin echo here
even if it doesn't opportunely handle write() errors?

Using /bin/echo would attach /bin/echo itself to the cgroup, that just
exists, so it seems like a kind of noop, isn't it?

-Andrea
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Re: Attaching PID 0 to a cgroup [message #31493 is a reply to message #31492] Tue, 01 July 2008 21:54 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Dhaval Giani is currently offline  Dhaval Giani
Messages: 37
Registered: June 2007
Member
From: openvz.org
On Tue, Jul 01, 2008 at 11:48:31PM +0200, Andrea Righi wrote:
> Li Zefan wrote:
>> CC: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com>
>>
>> Dhaval Giani wrote:
>>> [put in the wrong alias for containers list correcting it.]
>>>
>>> On Tue, Jul 01, 2008 at 03:15:45PM +0530, Dhaval Giani wrote:
>>>> Hi Paul,
>>>>
>>>> Attaching PID 0 to a cgroup caused the current task to be attached to
>>>> the cgroup. Looking at the code,
>>>>
>>
>> [...]
>>
>>>> I was wondering, why this was done. It seems to be unexpected behavior.
>>>> Wouldn't something like the following be a better response? (I've used
>>>> EINVAL, but I can change it to ESRCH if that is better.)
>>>>
>>
>> Why is it unexpected? it follows the behavior of cpuset, so this patch will
>> break backward compatibility of cpuset.
>>
>> But it's better to document this.
>>
>> -----------------------------------------
>>
>> Document the following cgroup usage:
>>  # echo 0 > /dev/cgroup/tasks
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com>
>> ---
>>  cgroups.txt |    4 ++++
>>  1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)
>>
>> diff --git a/Documentation/cgroups.txt b/Documentation/cgroups.txt
>> index 824fc02..213f533 100644
>> --- a/Documentation/cgroups.txt
>> +++ b/Documentation/cgroups.txt
>> @@ -390,6 +390,10 @@ If you have several tasks to attach, you have to do it one after another:
>>  	...
>>  # /bin/echo PIDn > tasks
>>  +You can attach the current task by echoing 0:
>> +
>> +# /bin/echo 0 > tasks
>> +
>>  3. Kernel API
>>  =============
>
> Wouldn't be more meaningful to specify the bash's builtin echo here
> even if it doesn't opportunely handle write() errors?
>
> Using /bin/echo would attach /bin/echo itself to the cgroup, that just
> exists, so it seems like a kind of noop, isn't it?
>

Yes, you are right. this example should use bash's builtin echo.

-- 
regards,
Dhaval
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Re: Attaching PID 0 to a cgroup [message #31578 is a reply to message #31493] Thu, 03 July 2008 21:59 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Matt Helsley is currently offline  Matt Helsley
Messages: 86
Registered: August 2006
Member
From: openvz.org
On Wed, 2008-07-02 at 03:24 +0530, Dhaval Giani wrote:
> On Tue, Jul 01, 2008 at 11:48:31PM +0200, Andrea Righi wrote:
> > Li Zefan wrote:
> >> CC: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com>
> >>
> >> Dhaval Giani wrote:
> >>> [put in the wrong alias for containers list correcting it.]
> >>>
> >>> On Tue, Jul 01, 2008 at 03:15:45PM +0530, Dhaval Giani wrote:
> >>>> Hi Paul,
> >>>>
> >>>> Attaching PID 0 to a cgroup caused the current task to be attached to
> >>>> the cgroup. Looking at the code,
> >>>>
> >>
> >> [...]
> >>
> >>>> I was wondering, why this was done. It seems to be unexpected behavior.
> >>>> Wouldn't something like the following be a better response? (I've used
> >>>> EINVAL, but I can change it to ESRCH if that is better.)
> >>>>
> >>
> >> Why is it unexpected? it follows the behavior of cpuset, so this patch will
> >> break backward compatibility of cpuset.
> >>
> >> But it's better to document this.
> >>
> >> -----------------------------------------
> >>
> >> Document the following cgroup usage:
> >>  # echo 0 > /dev/cgroup/tasks
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com>
> >> ---
> >>  cgroups.txt |    4 ++++
> >>  1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/Documentation/cgroups.txt b/Documentation/cgroups.txt
> >> index 824fc02..213f533 100644
> >> --- a/Documentation/cgroups.txt
> >> +++ b/Documentation/cgroups.txt
> >> @@ -390,6 +390,10 @@ If you have several tasks to attach, you have to do it one after another:
> >>  	...
> >>  # /bin/echo PIDn > tasks
> >>  +You can attach the current task by echoing 0:
> >> +
> >> +# /bin/echo 0 > tasks
> >> +
> >>  3. Kernel API
> >>  =============
> >
> > Wouldn't be more meaningful to specify the bash's builtin echo here
> > even if it doesn't opportunely handle write() errors?
> >
> > Using /bin/echo would attach /bin/echo itself to the cgroup, that just
> > exists, so it seems like a kind of noop, isn't it?
> >
> 
> Yes, you are right. this example should use bash's builtin echo.

	IMHO you need to include this point in the docs verbosely rather than
just switching the docs to bash's builin-in echo. Otherwise it doesn't
fully resolve the fundamental confusion you correctly identified.

Or perhaps a snippet of simplified C code will make it clear:
------------
	char buffer[16];
	int fd;

	fd = open("/some/cgroup/tasks", O_WRONLY);

	/* 
	 * These two writes produce the same effect: adding this process
	 * to /some/cgroup.
	 */
	if (the_slightly_shorter_way)
		write(fd, "0", 2);
	else {
		/* The slightly-less-short way */
		snprintf(buffer, 16, "%u", getpid());
		write(fd, buffer, strlen(buffer));
	}
------------

Cheers,
	-Matt Helsley

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Re: Attaching PID 0 to a cgroup [message #31579 is a reply to message #31578] Thu, 03 July 2008 22:03 Go to previous message
Paul Menage is currently offline  Paul Menage
Messages: 642
Registered: September 2006
Senior Member
From: openvz.org
On Thu, Jul 3, 2008 at 2:59 PM, Matt Helsley <matthltc@us.ibm.com> wrote:
> ------------
>        char buffer[16];
>        int fd;
>
>        fd = open("/some/cgroup/tasks", O_WRONLY);
>
>        /*
>         * These two writes produce the same effect: adding this process
>         * to /some/cgroup.
>         */
>        if (the_slightly_shorter_way)
>                write(fd, "0", 2);
>        else {
>                /* The slightly-less-short way */
>                snprintf(buffer, 16, "%u", getpid());
>                write(fd, buffer, strlen(buffer));

If it's a threaded application, then you'd need gettid() rather than
getpid() for the two to be equivalent.

Paul
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