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[-mm PATCH] Memory controller improve user interface (v2) [message #19860] Thu, 30 August 2007 18:52 Go to next message
Balbir Singh is currently offline  Balbir Singh
Messages: 491
Registered: August 2006
Senior Member
Change the interface to use kilobytes instead of pages. Page sizes can vary
across platforms and configurations. A new strategy routine has been added
to the resource counters infrastructure to format the data as desired.

Suggested by David Rientjes, Andrew Morton and Herbert Poetzl

Tested on a UML setup with the config for memory control enabled.

Signed-off-by: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---

 Documentation/controllers/memory.txt |   22 +++++++++++++-
 include/linux/res_counter.h          |   10 +++---
 kernel/res_counter.c                 |   30 +++++++++++++------
 mm/memcontrol.c                      |   53 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
 4 files changed, 90 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)

diff -puN mm/memcontrol.c~mem-control-make-ui-more-usable mm/memcontrol.c
--- linux-2.6.23-rc3/mm/memcontrol.c~mem-control-make-ui-more-usable	2007-08-29 16:18:39.000000000 +0530
+++ linux-2.6.23-rc3-balbir/mm/memcontrol.c	2007-08-31 00:09:51.000000000 +0530
@@ -312,7 +312,7 @@ int mem_container_charge(struct page *pa
 	 * If we created the page_container, we should free it on exceeding
 	 * the container limit.
 	 */
-	while (res_counter_charge(&mem->res, 1)) {
+	while (res_counter_charge(&mem->res, PAGE_SIZE)) {
 		if (try_to_free_mem_container_pages(mem))
 			continue;
 
@@ -352,7 +352,7 @@ int mem_container_charge(struct page *pa
 		kfree(pc);
 		pc = race_pc;
 		atomic_inc(&pc->ref_cnt);
-		res_counter_uncharge(&mem->res, 1);
+		res_counter_uncharge(&mem->res, PAGE_SIZE);
 		css_put(&mem->css);
 		goto done;
 	}
@@ -417,7 +417,7 @@ void mem_container_uncharge(struct page_
 		css_put(&mem->css);
 		page_assign_page_container(page, NULL);
 		unlock_page_container(page);
-		res_counter_uncharge(&mem->res, 1);
+		res_counter_uncharge(&mem->res, PAGE_SIZE);
 
  		spin_lock_irqsave(&mem->lru_lock, flags);
  		list_del_init(&pc->lru);
@@ -426,12 +426,44 @@ void mem_container_uncharge(struct page_
 	}
 }
 
-static ssize_t mem_container_read(struct container *cont, struct cftype *cft,
-			struct file *file, char __user *userbuf, size_t nbytes,
-			loff_t *ppos)
+/*
+ * Strategy routines for formating read/write data
+ */
+int mem_container_read_strategy(unsigned long long val, char *buf)
+{
+	return sprintf(buf, "%llu Bytes\n", val);
+}
+
+int mem_container_write_strategy(char *buf, unsigned long long *tmp)
+{
+	*tmp = memparse(buf, &buf);
+	if (*buf != '\0')
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	printk("tmp is %llu\n", *tmp);
+	/*
+	 * Round up the value to the closest page size
+	 */
+	*tmp = ((*tmp + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT) << PAGE_SHIFT;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static ssize_t mem_container_read_usage(struct container *cont,
+			struct cftype *cft, struct file *file,
+			char __user *userbuf, size_t nbytes, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+	return res_counter_read(&mem_container_from_cont(cont)->res,
+				cft->private, userbuf, nbytes, ppos,
+				mem_container_read_strategy);
+}
+
+static ssize_t mem_container_read(struct container *cont,
+			struct cftype *cft, struct file *file,
+			char __user *userbuf, size_t nbytes, loff_t *ppos)
 {
 	return res_counter_read(&mem_container_from_cont(cont)->res,
-				cft->private, userbuf, nbytes, ppos);
+				cft->private, userbuf, nbytes, ppos,
+				NULL);
 }
 
 static ssize_t mem_container_write(struct container *cont, struct cftype *cft,
@@ -439,7 +471,8 @@ static ssize_t mem_container_write(struc
 				size_t nbytes, loff_t *ppos)
 {
 	return res_counter_write(&mem_container_from_cont(cont)->res,
-				cft->private, userbuf, nbytes, ppos);
+				cft->private, userbuf, nbytes, ppos,
+				mem_container_write_strategy);
 }
 
 static ssize_t mem_control_type_write(struct container *cont,
@@ -500,13 +533,13 @@ static struct cftype mem_container_files
 	{
 		.name = "usage",
 		.private = RES_USAGE,
-		.read = mem_container_read,
+		.read = mem_container_read_usage,
 	},
 	{
 		.name = "limit",
 		.private = RES_LIMIT,
 		.write = mem_container_write,
-		.read = mem_container_read,
+		.read = mem_container_read_usage,
 	},
 	{
 		.name = "failcnt",
diff -puN include/linux/memcontrol.h~mem-control-make-ui-more-usable include/linux/memcontrol.h
diff -puN include/linux/res_counter.h~mem-control-make-ui-more-usable include/linux/res_counter.h
--- linux-2.6.23-rc3/include/linux/res_counter.h~mem-control-make-ui-more-usable	2007-08-29 16:18:39.000000000 +0530
+++ linux-2.6.23-rc3-balbir/include/linux/res_counter.h	2007-08-30 23:48:49.000000000 +0530
@@ -23,11 +23,11 @@ struct res_counter {
 	/*
 	 * the current resource consumption level
 	 */
-	unsigned long usage;
+	unsigned long long usage;
 	/*
 	 * the limit that usage cannot exceed
 	 */
-	unsigned long limit;
+	unsigned long long limit;
 	/*
 	 * the number of unsuccessful attempts to consume the resource
 	 */
@@ -52,9 +52,11 @@ struct res_counter {
  */
 
 ssize_t res_counter_read(struct res_counter *counter, int member,
-		const char __user *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t *pos);
+		const char __user *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t *pos,
+		int (*read_strategy)(unsigned long long val, char *s));
 ssize_t res_counter_write(struct res_counter *counter, int member,
-		const char __user *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t *pos);
+		const char __user *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t *pos,
+		int (*write_strategy)(char *buf, unsigned long long *val));
 
 /*
  * the field descriptors. one for each member of res_counter
diff -puN kernel/res_counter.c~mem-control-make-ui-more-usable kernel/res_counter.c
--- linux-2.6.23-rc3/kernel/res_counter.c~mem-control-make-ui-more-usable	2007-08-29 16:18:39.000000000 +0530
+++ linux-2.6.23-rc3-balbir/kernel/res_counter.c	2007-08-30 23:49:52.000000000 +0530
@@ -16,7 +16,7 @@
 void res_counter_init(struct res_counter *counter)
 {
 	spin_lock_init(&counter->lock);
-	counter->limit = (unsigned long)LONG_MAX;
+	counter->limit = (unsigned long long)LLONG_MAX;
 }
 
 int res_counter_charge_locked(struct res_counter *counter, unsigned long val)
@@ -76,24 +76,29 @@ static inline unsigned long *res_counter
 }
 
 ssize_t res_counter_read(struct res_counter *counter, int member,
-		const char __user *userbuf, size_t nbytes, loff_t *pos)
+		const char __user *userbuf, size_t nbytes, loff_t *pos,
+		int (*read_strategy)(unsigned long long val, char *st_buf))
 {
-	unsigned long *val;
+	unsigned long long *val;
 	char buf[64], *s;
 
 	s = buf;
 	val = res_counter_member(counter, member);
-	s += sprintf(s, "%lu\n", *val);
+	if (read_strategy)
+		s += read_strategy(*val, s);
+	else
+		s += sprintf(s, "%lu\n", *val);
 	return simple_read_from_buffer((void __user *)userbuf, nbytes,
 			pos, buf, s - buf);
 }
 
 ssize_t res_counter_write(struct res_counter *counter, int member,
-		const char __user *userbuf, size_t nbytes, loff_t *pos)
+		const char __user *userbuf, size_t nbytes, loff_t *pos,
+		int (*write_strategy)(char *st_buf, unsigned long long *val))
 {
 	int ret;
 	char *buf, *end;
-	unsigned long tmp, *val;
+	unsigned long long tmp, *val;
 
 	buf = kmalloc(nbytes + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
 	ret = -ENOMEM;
@@ -106,9 +111,16 @@ ssize_t res_counter_write(struct res_cou
 		goto out_free;
 
 	ret = -EINVAL;
-	tmp = simple_strtoul(buf, &end, 10);
-	if (*end != '\0')
-		goto out_free;
+
+	if (write_strategy) {
+		if (write_strategy(buf, &tmp)) {
+			goto out_free;
+		}
+	} else {
+		tmp = simple_strtoul(buf, &end, 10);
+		if (*end != '\0')
+			goto out_free;
+	}
 
 	val = res_counter_member(counter, member);
 	*val = tmp;
diff -puN Documentation/controllers/memory.txt~mem-control-make-ui-more-usable Documentation/controllers/memory.txt
--- linux-2.6.23-rc3/Documentation/controllers/memory.txt~mem-control-make-ui-more-usable	2007-08-29 16:18:39.000000000 +0530
+++ linux-2.6.23-rc3-balbir/Documentation/controllers/memory.txt	2007-08-31 00:19:31.000000000 +0530
@@ -165,11 +165,29 @@ c. Enable CONFIG_CONTAINER_MEM_CONT
 
 Since now we're in the 0 container,
 We can alter the memory limit:
-# echo -n 6000 > /containers/0/memory.limit
+# echo -n 4M > /containers/0/memory.limit
+
+NOTE: We can use a suffix (k, K, m, M, g or G) to indicate values in kilo,
+mega or gigabytes.
+
+# cat /containers/0/memory.limit
+4194304 Bytes
+
+NOTE: The interface has now changed to display the usage in bytes
+instead of pages
 
 We can check the usage:
 # cat /containers/0/memory.usage
-25
+1216512 Bytes
+
+Setting a limit to a number that is not a multiple of page size causes
+rounding up of the value. The user must check back to see (by reading
+memory.limit), to check for differences between desired values and committed
+values. Currently, all accounting is done in multiples of PAGE_SIZE
+
+# echo -n 1 > memory.limit
+# cat memory.limit
+4096 Bytes
 
 The memory.failcnt field gives the number of times that the container limit was
 exceeded.
_

-- 
	Warm Regards,
	Balbir Singh
	Linux Technology Center
	IBM, ISTL
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Re: [-mm PATCH] Memory controller improve user interface (v2) [message #19861 is a reply to message #19860] Thu, 30 August 2007 19:00 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Balbir Singh is currently offline  Balbir Singh
Messages: 491
Registered: August 2006
Senior Member
Balbir Singh wrote:
> Change the interface to use kilobytes instead of pages. Page sizes can vary
> across platforms and configurations. A new strategy routine has been added
> to the resource counters infrastructure to format the data as desired.
> 

Typo, the description should be

Changelog for version 2

1. Back end tracking is done in bytes, round up values of the limit if the
   specified value is not a multiple of page size. Display memory.usage
   and memory.limit in bytes (Dave Hansen, Paul Menage)

Change the interface to use bytes instead of pages. Page sizes can vary
across platforms and configurations. A new strategy routine has been added
to the resource counters infrastructure to format the data as desired.

Suggested by David Rientjes, Andrew Morton and Herbert Poetzl

Tested on a UML setup with the config for memory control enabled.

Signed-off-by: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com>


-- 
	Warm Regards,
	Balbir Singh
	Linux Technology Center
	IBM, ISTL
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Re: [-mm PATCH] Memory controller improve user interface (v2) [message #19864 is a reply to message #19860] Fri, 31 August 2007 20:02 Go to previous messageGo to next message
akpm is currently offline  akpm
Messages: 224
Registered: March 2007
Senior Member
On Fri, 31 Aug 2007 00:22:46 +0530
Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com> wrote:

> +/*
> + * Strategy routines for formating read/write data
> + */
> +int mem_container_read_strategy(unsigned long long val, char *buf)
> +{
> +	return sprintf(buf, "%llu Bytes\n", val);
> +}

It's a bit cheesy to be printing the units like this.  It's better to just
print the raw number.

If you really want to remind the user what units that number is in (not a
bad idea) then it can be encoded in the filename, like
/proc/sys/vm/min_free_kbytes, /proc/sys/vm/dirty_expire_centisecs, etc.


> +int mem_container_write_strategy(char *buf, unsigned long long *tmp)
> +{
> +	*tmp = memparse(buf, &buf);
> +	if (*buf != '\0')
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	printk("tmp is %llu\n", *tmp);

don't think we want that.

> +	/*
> +	 * Round up the value to the closest page size
> +	 */
> +	*tmp = ((*tmp + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT) << PAGE_SHIFT;
> +	return 0;
> +}
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Re: [-mm PATCH] Memory controller improve user interface (v2) [message #19876 is a reply to message #19864] Fri, 31 August 2007 21:54 Go to previous message
Balbir Singh is currently offline  Balbir Singh
Messages: 491
Registered: August 2006
Senior Member
On 9/1/07, Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> wrote:
> On Fri, 31 Aug 2007 00:22:46 +0530
> Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com> wrote:
>
> > +/*
> > + * Strategy routines for formating read/write data
> > + */
> > +int mem_container_read_strategy(unsigned long long val, char *buf)
> > +{
> > +     return sprintf(buf, "%llu Bytes\n", val);
> > +}
>
> It's a bit cheesy to be printing the units like this.  It's better to just
> print the raw number.
>
> If you really want to remind the user what units that number is in (not a
> bad idea) then it can be encoded in the filename, like
> /proc/sys/vm/min_free_kbytes, /proc/sys/vm/dirty_expire_centisecs, etc.
>

Sounds good, I'll change the file to memory.limit_in_bytes and
memory.usage_in_bytes.

>
> > +int mem_container_write_strategy(char *buf, unsigned long long *tmp)
> > +{
> > +     *tmp = memparse(buf, &buf);
> > +     if (*buf != '\0')
> > +             return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > +     printk("tmp is %llu\n", *tmp);
>
> don't think we want that.
>

Yes, I'll redo the patch and resend.

> > +     /*
> > +      * Round up the value to the closest page size
> > +      */
> > +     *tmp = ((*tmp + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT) << PAGE_SHIFT;
> > +     return 0;
> > +}

Thanks,
Balbir
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